2017 UPSC CAPF Answer Key 2017 Who is Who 2020 At the Battle of Kannauj in 1540 A.D. Sher Shah routed the Mughal forces under Humayun. Every soldier had his chehra (face) recorded and his horse branded with imperial sign. Photo Source After India became independent in 1947, India’s monetary system remained unchanged for a while, with 1 rupee consisting of 64 pice. TOS All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. His original name was Farid. It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). Maktabs were established as a center of primary education. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. A rupee was divided into 40 dams. The first tax was collected at the stage of the manufacturing of items. rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). (a) Jahangir (b) Shah Jahan (c) Akbar (d) Aurangzeb 197. Who completed the Qutab Minar? Sher Shah’s Administration. Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan… Read more His rival, Sher Shah began his coinage by employing newer weight standards and terms; the silver coin was christened ‘Rupaiya’ a term still current in modern India! The purpose of punishment was not to reform the criminal but to set the example for others. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. This was more interesting than I’d thought it would be. Its use was continued by the Mughal rulers. jital-Smallest coin of copper It was equal to the 25th part of the price. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Photo Source Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. 2. Sher Shah had worked for some time in the army of Babur. 4. These were attached to the mosque. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. His empire consisted of the whole of North India except Assam, Nepal, Kashmir and Gujarat. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. The learning of Persian & Arabic was imparted in these institutions. In case, the officer’s faith in catching the criminal they were punished by him. Born on 1486 at Sasaram, Bihar, India. Sher Shah, a grade-10 student was present in the auditorium along with his brother, Ahmad Shah of grade-8 when the terrorists attacked the hall. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Suri also introduced copper coins called dam and gold coins called mohur that weighed 169 grains (10.95 g). Sher Shah Suri followed the system of local responsibility. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. It comes from the Hindi word rupīyā, which refers to the same thing the English word does: a currency used in India, Pakistan, and much of Southeast Asia. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Died on May 22, 1545 at Kalinjar Fort, Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh, India. ‘Rupiya’, the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee, was introduced during his reign. It was called phulos or money. Short Biography of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. We use it to this day! then his name became Sher Khan [5]. There was a separate arrangement for Hindus & Muslims in these rest houses. Despite strong support from Shah Jahan, who had recovered enough from his illness to remain a strong factor in the struggle for supremacy, and the victory of his army led by his eldest son Sulaiman Dara Shikoh over Shah Shuja in the battle of Bahadurpur on February 14, 1658, Dara was defeated by Aurangzeb and Murad at the battlefield of Samugarh, 13 km from Agra on May 30, 1658. Recruitment: He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). But in criminal cases, uniform Islamic law was applied to all. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for civil government. About : Sher Shah Suri was one of the few great and benevolent rulers India has seen. Akbar also followed these practices and organized the army on efficient lines with some changes as he introduced mansabdari system. Separate code established for civil & criminal cases. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. Akbar, though from a rival house, adopted several of the administrative measures innovated by Sher Shah Suri. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. The 4th road built by Sher Shah connected Lahore to Multan. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Deflection of Winds, Oceanic Currents & Coriolis Theory, Sectors of Economy: Primary and Secondary. Gold coins were also introduced. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. All internal customs were abolished. Planting of trees & digging wells & construction of public rest houses could be also considered as a welfare measure of Sher Shah. Sher Shah Suri appointed Qazi & Mir Adil to try the cases of judicial cases. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. The king got daily report from different part of the country. The administrative system of Sher Shah Suri was so efficient that there was peace & security everywhere & crimes were rare. Privacy Policy What was the real name of Sher Shah Suri? According to Abbas Khan Sarwani, even an old woman could walk in the middle of the night with a basket full of gold & nobody dare to touch her. ET traces the history of rupee from the British era to now. At the time of Sher Shah Suri to the throne of Delhi. The object was to facilitate trade in the country. This rupee minus its inscription lasted throughout the Mughal period and was retained by the English East India Company up to 1835. Rest houses (Sarai) were constructed for benefit of travelers. He abolished all these taxes & collected only two taxes. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1546, Sher Shah Suri set up a new civic and military administration and issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was also termed the Rupiya. CSIR-SERC Develops an Indigenous ERS System for Power Failures, Charlie Hebdo: All You Need To Know About French Satirical Magazine, Priyanca Radhakrishnan will be the 1st Indian-born Minister in New Zealand’s Cabinet, National Green Tribunal notice to Centre to ban firecrackers from Nov 7-30, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) signed by India and United States. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. V.A. Belonging to the communities of Hindus as well as Muslims. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. His original name was Farid. Madrasas were centers for higher learning. Mongols and Tamerlane were the most efficient warriors at that time who were known for their raiding skills during the war. 5. Sher Shah Sur (1540-1545) Sher Shah waged extensive wars with the Rajputs and expanded his empire. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah… There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between… Read more He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy. For communication of secret information, aspies were appointed by Sher Shah. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. He didn’t interfere in the education system of Hindus. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. He issued coins in silver and copper in his own name from a number of places. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Until the middle of the 20th century, Tibet 's official currency was also known as the Tibetan rupee. Mostly Afghans in the army: He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. B. A Dam was a small Indian copper coin. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. Trees were planted near the roads. Only two duties were allowed. It was a silver currency weighed 178 grains. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. Debasing of the coins was common. Despite being a despotic ruler, Sultan Sher Shah Suri initiated various welfare measures for benefit of the people. Sher Shah also issued copper coins from different mints. The first coins were minted (made) around 2500 years ago. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. Payment in cash: The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. The first "rupee" is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri, based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. Before going through the various reforms and policies which was introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his regime, one needs to understand the factors responsible for the military achievement against the Mughals who were the descendants of Tamerlane and Mongols. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Despite many attempts to introduce the sterling pound in India, the rupaiya grew in popularity and was even exported as a currency to other British colonies. As part of this, Sher Shah introduced a new denomination of silver coin: the rupee. Sher Shah constructed 1700 sarais at a distance of every Kros. Strength: Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the center like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. His original name was Farid Khan. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. After his accidental death in 1545 while sieging the Kalinjar fort , his son, Islam Shah, became his successor. Sher Shah’s system was adopted by Akbar who ditched the Shahrukhi for the rupaiya and also introduced gold coins called asharafi (mohurs). Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. The first "rupee” was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri. [4] [6] The silver coin remained in use during the Mughal period , the Maratha era (1674–1818) [7] and in British India , as well. Sher Shah ran towards his … He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar . The first duty was levied when the goods were brought into the country and the second was levied when the goods were sold. Sher shah was the first ruler who introduced news service on the back of the horses. Ans. One of the most prominent factors was the Sher Shah’s duty in the Babur Army. Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by his son Islam Shah (Jalal Khan) Islam Shah died in 1553 and the Afghan empire was weakened. The in-charge of the post office was known as Daroga-i-Dag Chauki. He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. Sher Shah re-established law and order across the length and breadth of his empire. Sher Shah issued land grants to the education institution of both the Hindus & Muslims. Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. The first banknote printed by independent India was a 1 rupee note. The concept of the tri-metallic coinage system which became characteristic to the Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. By killing a tiger alone he got the title ‘Sher’. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Paper money was first used in China over 1000 years ago. Sher Shah reformed the postal system as well. Disclaimer Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. The word ‘rupee’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word rupyakam, meaning a silver coin. The great emperor Akbar followed the techniques of Sher Shah’s administration while consolidating the Mughal Empire. Discipline in the army: In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. What is QRSAM System (Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System)? Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Land grants were issued by him to the man of learning & religion. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. Besides this, there were a large series of mint less silver and copper coins which formed the currency during the early period of his conquests and consolidation of his rule. The original name of Sher Shah was Farid. Raising the cry of ‘jihad’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers. Sher means a tiger in Urdu or Hindi . Content Guidelines Coins of various Governments were allowed to circulate at the same time and they created a lot of confusion. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. The coin was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his rule of India between 1540 and 1545, along with Mohur, the gold coin and Rupiya the silver coin. Who among the following Hindus first joined Din-i-Ilahi / Tauhid-i-Ilahi? 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